President Joe Biden addresses a joint session of congress as Vice President Kamala Harris (L) and Speaker of the House U.S. Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) (R) look on in the House chamber of the U.S. Capitol. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON — Standing in the same House chamber where a violent mob temporarily disrupted the certification of his victory, President Joe Biden on Wednesday heralded the country as “on the move again” as he sketched out his expansive vision for a post-pandemic America.
Biden in his first address to a joint session of Congress touted quick results from the massive relief package enacted last month to help heal lingering economic wounds from the pandemic.
But that $2 trillion fiscal infusion is not enough to gear up the U.S. to compete in the 21st century, he argued, offering a sales pitch for a pair of ambitious policy proposals to expand access to education, reduce the cost of child care, and overhaul the nation’s infrastructure systems.
He defended the more than $4 trillion combined price tag of those plans as a “a once-in-a-generation investment in America itself,” likening it to the spending that produced the transcontinental railroad, interstate highway systems, and scientific breakthroughs enabling new vaccines. Those plans would be paid for in part by raising taxes on the wealthiest Americans.
“These are the investments we make together, as one country, and that only government can make,” Biden said. “Time and again, they propel us into the future.”
Biden also gave Congress a lengthy to-do list on other policy priorities, urging lawmakers to pass legislation to:
- Raise the minimum wage;
- Ensure equal pay for women;
- Support the right to unionize;
- Overhaul the criminal justice system;
- Protect the rights of LGBTQ Americans;
- Combat hate crimes and domestic violence;
- Reform immigration laws;
- Lower prescription drug prices;
- Invest more money in cancer research;
- Strengthen gun-control laws;
- Make broad changes to voting and elections.
But many of these items, as well as his $4 trillion in proposals, face long odds in a Congress where Republicans have been skeptical of or hostile toward bipartisanship. There’s also little room for Democrats to lose votes due to their slim majorities controlling the House and Senate.
“Despite campaigning on a platform of unity, President Biden has put forward a tax-and-spend agenda the likes of which we have never seen with virtually no Republican input,” said Rep. Bill Huizenga, (R-Mich.).
Nevada Democrats praised Biden’s tone as well as his calls for policy action.
Nevada Rep. Susie Lee in a statement praised the administration’s achievements in the first 100 days, but said “we can’t take our foot off the gas.”
“Republicans and Democrats across the country agree we need to invest in our crumbling roads, upgrade our water systems to ensure clean drinking water, invest in broadband, and, of course, build schools – this is especially important to keep up with our growing population here in southern Nevada,” Lee said. “We need to invest in families, too, if we’re going to rebuild our middle class. That means investing in affordable child care, expanding the Child Tax Credit, and providing paid family and medical leave so that workers can care for their families.”
Nevada Rep. Dina Titus said in a statement that Biden “demonstrated why he is the statesman our country needs right now.”
Biden’s “American Families Plan would make it easier to get into the middle class and stay in the middle class. In the United States of America, pre-school, quality child care, and paid leave should not be luxuries reserved only for the lucky few,” Titus said.
“Best of all, we can fully pay for the American Families Act and the American Jobs Act without raising taxes on anyone who makes less than $400,000 a year,” she said.
“Nevada is in good hands with Joe Biden in the White House,” declared Rep. Steven Horsford. “I look forward to working with the Biden-Harris administration to pass the American Families Plan and the American Jobs Plan and create the progress Nevadans deserve. ”
Nevada Democratic Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto issued a statement saying the country needs “to invest in our workforce and small businesses, we need to make sure Nevadans can get good-paying jobs, and we need to make it easier for Nevada’s working families to get ahead and give their children the support they deserve. I appreciated the President’s focus on empowering American workers and lifting up our students and their families.”
Biden “put forth an ambitious plan for strengthening our efforts to beat COVID-19 and reopen the country safely, as well as bold ideas for how we can move our country forward and build America up better than it was even before the pandemic,” said Nevada Sen. Jacky Rosen, who attended the address.
A sparse pandemic audience
A presidential address to a joint session of Congress is an annual occurrence. But as with his inaugural speech, Biden’s view from the podium was anything but typical.
Instead of a standing-room-only crowd of some 1,600 lawmakers, Cabinet members, Supreme Court justices, staffers, and guests, there were just 200 people in the House chamber to allow for physical distancing and other pandemic precautions.
All had to wear a face mask, and show either proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test.
The sparse attendance led to a muted but respectful response to the president’s speech. But with fewer lawmakers packed in the chamber, it was easier to spot subtle reactions to certain lines, such as Rep. Lauren Boebert, (R-Colo.), shaking her head in disagreement as Biden gave a lengthy call for more lawmakers to support expanded gun background checks and a ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines.
“I thought it was gonna be kind of sad, but it wasn’t,” said Sen. Amy Klobuchar, (D-Minn.). “I thought it was actually a very intimate feeling… It didn’t quite have that highly partisan, charged feeling like you do when it’s all filled.”
Another change? For the first time, the two officials seated behind Biden were both women: Vice President Kamala Harris, and Speaker Nancy Pelosi, (D-Calif.), who bumped elbows to greet each other at the rostrum.
“Madame Speaker. Madame Vice President,” Biden said as he opened his speech, drawing cheers. “No president has ever said those words from this podium, and it’s about time.”
Afterward, instead of striding directly back to his motorcade, Biden lingered to chat with the mostly Democratic lawmakers who quickly encircled him for a quick comment or fist bump.
Some of the lawmakers who attended the event were seated in the House gallery, where guests of the first lady also typically would have been seated. Instead, first lady Jill Biden held a virtual event Wednesday afternoon with individuals tapped to highlight key policy themes.
They included Javier Quiroz Castro, a doctor and undocumented immigrant who grew up in Tennessee after his parents brought him from Mexico at 3; Maria-Isabel Ballivian, who heads a child-care center in Virginia; Wisconsin gun-control activist Tatiana Washington; and Theron Rutyna, who has been leading the effort to get broadband to tribal lands in Wisconsin.
The Republican response to Biden’s speech was delivered by U.S. Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina, who echoed other GOP critics in accusing Biden of not working enough with Republicans. “A president who promised to bring us together should not push agendas that tear us apart,” said Scott.
Touting early wins
Biden’s remarks came on his 99th day in office, later than modern presidents have typically given this address.
He described “a nation in crisis” in January, citing the public health and economic challenges, along with the Jan. 6 riot, which he called “the worst attack on our democracy since the Civil War.”
Now, a little more than three months into his term, Biden described the country as making strides in “turning peril into possibility, crisis into opportunity, setback into strength.”
He pointed to early wins for his new administration: more than 220 million COVID-19 shots, and approval of the American Rescue Plan, which passed Congress with no Republican support.
Biden called for building upon that proposal through two major packages of legislation. One is a $2.3 trillion plan for overhauling the nation’s traditional and less-traditional infrastructure systems, which he described as “a blue-collar blueprint to build America.”
The proposal, dubbed the American Jobs Plan, would rebuild roads and bridges; replace dangerous lead water pipes; expand access to broadband internet; modernize the nation’s utility grid; and support and increase pay for caregivers.
He framed creating those infrastructure jobs as a way to hire Americans in roles that can’t be outsourced, as well as linked to the broader effort to combat climate change.
“There’s no reason the blades for wind turbines can’t be built in Pittsburgh instead of Beijing,” Biden said.
The second part of the legislation, which Biden outlined for the first time Wednesday as the American Families Plan, would provide money for universal pre-K; two years of free community college; more affordable child care; a federal paid leave program; and expanded federal efforts to fight poverty.
To pay for it, he is calling for a tax increase on the wealthiest 1% of Americans, which he pledged would not increase taxes on anyone making less than $400,000 a year. His plan also would alter corporate taxes and tax rates for capital gains.
“What I’ve proposed is fair. It’s fiscally responsible. It raises the revenue to pay for the plans I’ve proposed that will create millions of jobs and grow the economy,” Biden said.
Heading off critics, Biden said he and his administration “welcome ideas” on how to shape the details of these proposals, but that disagreement cannot lead to permanent inaction.
“But the rest of the world isn’t waiting for us,” he said, adding that Americans must not “be so busy competing with each other that we forget the competition is with the rest of the world.”
Much of the immediate reaction to his speech fell along partisan lines.
Georgia Democratic Sen. Raphael Warnock praised what he called “bold solutions” from Biden, saying he was excited to hear the president talk about “investments to keep our state and nation moving forward.”
“The grace and decorum we expect from President Biden was on full display this evening,” said Rep. Marcy Kaptur, (D-Ohio), saying he “clearly articulated the many successes of his first 100 days and his vision to get the pandemic under control.”
In a video response, Sen. John Kennedy, (R-La.), said he was “disappointed” in the message he heard, which Kennedy said shows “the president believes that government made America great. He is so wrong.”
“There’s just a lot of talk about new spending and a lot of talk about new taxes,” Sen. Rob Portman, (R-Ohio), told a pool reporter afterward, adding that when it comes to working across the aisle on issues like infrastructure, “we’ve heard that before, and it hasn’t resulted in bipartisan action.”
After his sales pitch to Congress, Biden’s next step is hitting the road. On Thursday, he’ll head to Georgia for a drive-in car rally, where he’ll expand his public-relations effort on what his administration has done and the proposals they’re urging from Congress.
Before that event, he’ll be making a side stop to visit someone who understands what it feels like to spend 100 days in the Oval Office: former President Jimmy Carter.
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